Serves 4 – 6
30ml olive oil
1 onion, chopped
5ml fennel seeds
500g pork mince
15ml tomato paste
410g can chopped tomatoes
10ml white sugar
Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
800ml vegetable stock
250ml maize meal
125ml grated Parmesan cheese plus extra for topping

• Heat the oil in a frying pan over medium heat and sauté the onion and fennel seeds until the onion has softened
• Add the pork mince and cook, stirring continuously, until browned
• Add the tomato paste, tomatoes and sugar, season to taste and reduce the heat
• Leave to simmer gently for 15 minutes while you prepare the pap
• Place the vegetable stock into a saucepan and bring to the boil
• Sprinkle in the maize meal while stirring vigorously with a wooden spoon
• Cook, stirring occasionally, for 15 – 25 minutes until the pap is thick and cooked through. It should come away from the sides of the pan
• Remove the saucepan from the heat and stir in the Parmesan cheese
• Preheat the oven to 200°C
• Grease a two-litre capacity ovenproof dish and evenly spread half the pap over the base
• Pour over the mince sauce and spread the remaining pap on top
• Sprinkle over some extra Parmesan cheese and bake for 20 minutes or until the cheese is melted and golden